By Marianne Celano, Marietta Collins, and Ann Hazzard
Includes an extensive Note to Parents and Caregivers with guidelines for discussing race and racism with children, child-friendly definitions, and sample dialogues.
Free, downloadable educator materials (including discussion questions) are available at www.apa.org.
From the Note to Parents and Caregivers:
There are many benefits of beginning to discuss racial bias and injustice with young children of all races and ethnicities:
• Research has shown that children even as young as three years of age notice and comment on differences in skin color.
• Humans of all ages tend to ascribe positive qualities to the group that they belong to and negative qualities to other groups.
• Despite some parents’ attempts to protect their children from frightening media content, children often become aware of incidents of community violence, including police shootings.
• Parents who don’t proactively talk about racial issues with their children are inadvertently teaching their children that race is a taboo topic. Parents who want to raise children to accept individuals from diverse cultures need to counter negative attitudes that their children develop from exposure to the negative racial stereotypes that persist in our society.